Malaysia, consists of the Peninsular, commonly known as East Malaysia, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern edges of the island of Borneo, commonly known as West Malaysia. According to statistics, the most common natural disaster in Malaysia is flood .
Most floods occurs in the east coastal area of Peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang etc.) and East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak).
Natural causes of flooding
One of the natural causes of flooding is the yearly northeast monsoon (November to March) with an annual rainfall of 2800mm . With heavy rainfall during the monsoon period, low-lying region may face the issue of flooding, especially regions around the coastal area. According to Høybye (2009), other factor that causes flooding are: extreme increase in river discharge, sea wave from South China Sea .
Man-made causes of flooding
Consequences of flooding
The numbers speaks everything. Flooding causes a huge loss on the Malaysia economy. Palm oil and rubber production decline sharply, infrastructure were destroyed, lost of income for the affected victim etc. Also, people killed due to flooding.
Interesting publications on solving flooding in Malaysia
During my research, I had found certain publications that are very useful in solving flooding issue in Malaysia.
From all these research, I can conclude that these are some of the key points we can look into for our project:
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